What is it: Kinesiology services provided using one or more of the following methods of communication: telephone call, online video conferencing, use of a chat feature on a computer or mobile device, or a combination of these are considered virtual services.
Potential Benefits: Kinesiology services provided virtually can benefit client care and service delivery and overcome a number of barriers, these can include but are not limited to:
- the need to mitigate disease, prevent infection or transmission of communicable disease between themselves, and the healthcare practitioners, other client(s) or people in their community to the best of their ability;
- the inability of the kinesiologist or client to attend in-person sessions due to scheduling, travel or location barriers such as inclement weather, remote location, client immobility, or other factors.
Telehealth services can also be integrated with in-person treatment/care where the client and kinesiologist meet virtually using a computer, smart phone, or tablet/iPad for some but not all sessions. Telehealth service delivery can be appropriate provided the kinesiologist operates within their scope of practice, competency, and abides by the BCAK's code of ethics, professional practice standards, and other guiding documents.
Potential Limitations: Kinesiologists services provided virtually may result in some level of increased risk to the client, as virtual care does not allow for the same level of interaction and each clients needs must be assessed to determine if the services can be delivered in a safe and effective manner. This includes determining when;
- virtual services result in a significant increase in risk of injury to a client due to the lack of in-person supervision to provide assistance, such as preventing a fall, or providing emergency assistance when necessary.
- virtual service delivery results in an increased risk of a personal privacy breach, including exposure of personal health information, which requires access to a private space to communicate and access to secure electronic means of communication.
- desired or necessary client services cannot be delivered effectively due to client needs for in-person care to ensure proper movements or demonstration of movement activities by the kinesiologist, or other possible needs.
If virtual care will result in known increased risk of injury of injury or a significant reduction in treatment effectiveness, virtual care should be avoided and in-person care should utilized.
If you are a client or a Third-Party Insurer, wishing to assess the suitability of kinesiology virtual/telehealth services for yourself or a client, you should ensure your Kinesiologist explains to your satisfaction they are:
- Obtaining your informed consent - by presenting and explaining an informed consent document which clearly defines how, why, when, and what virtual Telehealth services are or will be provided, how your information is being protected, and if sessions are being recorded. In addition, the Consent form must stipulate that you have been offered a copy of the form, understand the information contained and agree (by signing) to indicate acceptance of the terms and conditions.
- Addressing your safety concerns and needs - by ensuring an appropriate assessment of your current health condition, and your needs, can be conducted virtually, that treatment and exercise prescription services can be provided safely and that there is no additional risk of injury or death from a fall, inappropriate exercise technique, or other factor that would not be encountered in the clinic/in-person treatment setting. This should include providing you with a recommended care/treatment plan that is reviewed with you, and which you agree or authorize, prior to any Telehealth services being delivered, recognizing that not all services can be effectively delivered via Telehealth.